Bees are small flying insects that are closely related to ants and wasps. Bees are part of a superfamily called Apoidea or Anthophila with almost 20,000 species from different countries. Bees can be found in all continents which require insect-pollinated flowering plants except Antarctica. Bees are considered as one of the hardest working creatures on our planet due to their arduous work ethic. Some people may not know it but, people and other animals owe a lot from these amazing creatures. Bees are generally responsible for pollinating flowering plants all over the planet that comes in more or less 400 agricultural types.
With the number of bee species, honeybees together with other pollinating insects were able to help US to produce up to $29 billion worth of agricultural crops just in the year 2012. What more now that bees are more give importance and care to help sustain our food system, right? Bees are responsible in at least one out of every four bites of food that people eat. There are numerous reasons that explains that bees are important .Most major crops that are grown for their fruits, seeds, fiber, nuts, and hay require insect pollination. The process of pollination allows the transfer of pollen from a flower's male part to the flower's female part from the same species to start the fertilization and production of seeds. According to research, European honey bees are considered as the best pollinator that provides pollinating services to different flowering plants.
Bees are known to be the best pollinators because they spend their life collecting pollen from plants which are their source of protein for feeding new offspring. Keen observations revealed that once a bee lands on one flower, its hairs all over the body attracts pollen grains from the flower due to electrostatic forces. Bees' stiff hairs in its legs groom the pollen on its legs or body to carry it to their nest. Bees' job for collecting pollen from flowers requires lots of energy so flowers attract bees then reward them with nectar. Nectar is a mixture of sugar and water that is produced by plants and used by bees to make honey. Bees store the nectar in their nectar stomach until it is full before they fly back to their hive. From their hive, they pass the nectar to other bees and process it until it turns to honey that they store in honeycomb cells.
Aside from human's honey consumption, honey is also great for animals to treat wounds and resisting bacterial infections. Research shows that honey can be used as an antiseptic agent specifically the manuka honey from New Zealand. Furthermore, bees help beautify Mother Nature since bees pollinate flowers that blooms in vast landscapes. It sounds easy and simple but, it is very important and pleasing to the eye which can attract many living things to the plant. Besides, bees need flowers for their future generation. Typically, bees only produce one generation per year. Some bees can have multiple generations per year which also means more food resources. They need pollen and nectar to survive and build strong colonies. So, it is a must to take care of them and secure their future generations to help grow crops, produce honey, and beautify put planet.